How Is Cervical Cancer Diagnosed, Part 2

Cancer |

Abnormal smears are divided into three categories:

Atypical squamous or glandular cells of undetermined significance, or ASCUS/AGUS, which are mildly abnormal cells on the surface of the cervix.
Low-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions, or LGSIL, which include human papilloma virus changes and mild dysplasia.
High-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions, or HGSIL, which include moderate dysplasia, severe dysplasia and carcinoma in situ.
These terms have markedly increased the number of Pap tests reported as “abnormal.” Most often with ASCUS/AGUS and LGSIL findings, the doctor will repeat the Pap test in three to six months, since many of these cases will revert to normal. However, if the repeat results are still abnormal, the woman should be advised to undergo colposcopy. (more…)